LEGISLATING FOR AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH TO FISHERIES HOT
ABSTRACT Although the need for a shift towards an ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF) has reached a point ofgeneral acceptance by those involved in fisheries management, there is still a need for guidance onhow to apply the EAF in practice. The objective of this study has been to provide the countriesparticipating in the Nansen Project with information on the practical adoption and application of theEAF from a legal perspective, in particular by providing guidance on how to implement the EAF innational legislation. The first part of the study reviews available international and regional instrumentsrelevant to the EAF, and highlights the EAF-related principles and concepts that are contained in theseinstruments. The second part of the study describes how these EAF-related principles and conceptscan be implemented in national legislation through identification of the legal and institutionalmechanisms and management measures that can support such implementation. This is followed by anassessment of how, and to what extent, selected countries participating in the Nansen Project havelegislated for EAF at the national level, focusing on both fisheries legislation and other legalframeworks relevant to the EAF. The study is concluded by a synthesis of some of the trends innational EAF implementation in the participating countries.